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Pete német megemlékezés oldala

2014.04.21

   

Am 27. Januar 2014 starb
Pete Seeger
im Alter von 94 Jahren

02-2014

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Peter R. "Pete" Seeger (Komponist, Texter, Sänger, Banjo- und Gitarrenspieler) wurde am 3. Mai 1919 in New York City geboren. Sein Vater, der 1886 in Mexico City geborene Dirigent, Musikprofessor und Ethnologe Charles Louis Seeger, gehörte zu den ersten systematischen Sammlern ethnischer US-Folklore. Petes 1933 und 1935 geborenen Geschwister Mike und Peggy machten mit Banjo, Gitarre und Folksongs eigene Karrieren. Pete jedoch, Ex-Soziologie-Student der Harvard University, wurde zur Symbolfigur des Folksong-Revivals.

Als Assistent der Forscher John und Alan Lomax konservierte er 1939/40 vornehmlich in den Südstaaten halbvergessene Volkslieder und Blues.

1941 gründete Seeger gemeinsam mit Millard Lampell und Lee Hays die "Almanac Singers" als eine Art "singende Zeitung" für Gewerkschaftsfragen und andere progressive politische Aktivitäten. Zu der Gruppe gehörten zeitweise auch Woody Guthry, Josh White, Bess Lomax Hawes und die Blueser Brownie McGhee und Sonny Terry. Um die Karriere seines Vaters in der Regierung nicht zu gefährden, trat Seeger bei den Almanacs, die mit den Kommunisten sympathisierte als Pete Bowers auf.  1942 wurde Pete Seeger zur Armee einberufen und für drei Jahre als Truppen-Entertainer in den Pazifik entsandt wurde. Dort trater  mit seinen Almanac Singers sowie im Duo mit Woody Guthrie vor.

Nach dem Krieg gründete er 1945 die "People's Songs Inc.", der zeitweilig etwa 3000 Komponisten und Interpreten angehörten. In sogenannten Hootenannys machten Seeger und seine Freunde alte Weisen und neue Stücke populär. Musikalisch aktiv war er weiterhin vor allem im Bereich der Gewerkschaftsbewegung und im Umfeld der amerikanischen Kommunisten.

Nach dem didaktischen Versvortrag Seegers,  stimmten seine Zuhörer über Banjoakkorde angeregt in den Refrain ein. Seegers Slogan lautete: "Selbst wenn Sie das Lied noch nie gehört haben, können Sie es singen." Seine Songs wie "If I Had A Hammer" oder "Where Have All The Flowers Gone" wurden weltweit nachgesungen

Zur Verstärkung seines Gesangsvortrags gründete Pete Seeger 1948 das Quartett The Weavers - eigentlich die Neugründung der "Almanac Singers", das bis zu seiner ersten Auflösung 1952 rund vier Millionen Schallplatten verkaufte. Mit ihrer Fassung von Leadbelly's "Good Night, Irene" okkupierten "The Weavers" 1950 für 13 Wochen Platz 1 der Hitparade. Die Band um Pete Seeger zählte zu den erfolgreichsten Bands des frühen Folkrevivals.

Auf diese Weise hob Pete Seeger die "Amerikanische Volksmusik und ihre Ursprünge" (so der Titel einer Konzertfolge an der New Yorker Columbia University 1954/55)  wieder ins Bewußtsein der Zeitgenossen. Er drehte Filme wie z.B. "And Hear My Banjo Play", brachte in Los Angeles ein Folk-Musical "Dark of the Moon" heraus.

Von 1955 an wurde Pete Seeger, der seine Songs stets mit politischer Aufklärung verband, 17 Jahre lang von den US-Kommerzsendern boykottiert. In der McCarthy-Ära in den Verdacht kommunistischer Umtriebe geraten, hatte er sich geweigert, vor einem Kongreßausschuß in Washington auszusagen. Daher mussten seine Komposition wie z.B. "Where Have All The Flowers Gone", "If l Had A Hammer", oder "Kisses Sweeter Than Wine" in dieser Zeit in Funk und Fernsehen durch andere Interpreten gesungen werden.

Mitte der 1960er Jahre im Rahmen der amerikanischen Folk Music entstanden die Protestsongs, mit denen vor allem Jugendliche ihrer Gegnerschaft gegen die US-lntervention in Vietnam und die rassistischen Strukuren in den USA Ausdruck verliehen. Zwar gelangte diese Bewegung kaum über einen romantisch-utopischen Antikapitalismus hinaus, hatte aber im Prozess des politischen Bewusstwerdens der jungen Generation nicht nur in den USA eine wichtige Funktion. Zu den Begründern und Hauptvertretern gehörten Bob Dylan (geb. 1941), Joan Baez (geb. 1941), Phil Ochs (1940-1976), für die Pete Seeger ein wichtiges Vorbild war.

In den 60ern konnte Pete Seeger auch wieder im Fernsehen auftreten. Er präsentierte in seiner in der New Yorker Region ausgestrahlten Sendung "Rainbow Quest" Musiker wie Johnny Cast, Mississippi John Hurt aber auch Donovan oder Judy Collins. Insgesamt 39 Folgen der einstündigen Sendung wurden 1965 und 66 von ihm und seiner Frau Toshi produziert [etliche zu finden bei Youtube].

Am 2. Januar 1967, inmitten der sich entwickelnden Protestbewegung der sechziger Jahre, gab Pete Seeger sein erstes Konzert in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Der Ort dieses historischen Auftritts war nicht zufällig die „Schaubühne“ in Westberlin, damals noch „am Halleschen Ufer“ in Kreuzberg. Pete Seeger bot den mehreren Hundert Zuhörern, die sich in den viel zu kleinen Saal quetschten und auch die Bühne belagerten, kein ausdrücklich politisches, auf die zugespitzte Situation in Berlin ausgerichtetes Programm.[Hier seine Setliste]

Am 4. Januar 1967 war er dann zu Gast im ostberliner "Oktoberklub", wo er in in der Sporthalle an der Karl-Marx-Allee auftrat.

1969 war er Mitbegründer der Umweltschutzorganisation Clearwater.

1972 erschien sein Buch "The Incompleat Folksinger", das ein Standardwerk über die amerikanische Folkmusik wurde.

Beim 16. Festival des politischen Liedes  - organisiert vom "Oktoberklub" vom 16.–23. Februar 1986 - trat Pete Seeger  in der DDR auf.

 

1996 wurde Pete Seeger in die "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame" aufgenommen und 1998 erhielter für sein politisches Engagement den "War Resisters League Peace Award".

2008 im Alter von 89 Jahren überraschte Pete Seeger die Öffentlichkeit mit einem neuen Studioalbum, names "At89", worauf sich z.B. der alte Weavers-Hit „Tzena, Tzena, Tzena“ oder ein israelisches Tanzlied mit hebräischen und arabischen Versen befinden. Vier Jahre später brachte er noch ein weiteres Album " „A More Perfect Union“, an dem auch Emmylou Harris, Bruce Springsteen, Steve Earle und Tom Morello mitwirkten.

2009 verlieh ihm schließlich die Menschenrechtsorganisation "Freemuse" für seinen jahrzehntelangen Einsatz für die musikalische Meinungsfreiheit den Freemuse Award, der von seinem Enkel Tao Rodriquez-Seeger entgegengenommen wurde.

Am 14. Dezember 2012 trat Pete Seeger zusammen mit Harry Belafonte und anderen in dem Solikonzert "Bring Leonard Peltier Home" auf./ khs

Pete Seeger - If I Had a Hammer
Songs of Hope & Struggle

 

•01. If I Had a Hammer (introduction) - 1:56
•02. Banks of Marble - 1:56
•03. Which Side Are You On - 5:12
•04. Casey Jones (The Union Scab) - 7:24
•05. Talking Union - 9:20
•06. Joe Hill - 12:26
•07. Union Maid - 15:00

weitere Texte folgen.......

•08. Step by Step - 17:15
•09. Solidarity Forever - 18:54
•10. Where Have All the Flowers Gone - 21:48
•11. Talking Atom - 23:54
•12. Crow on the Cradle - 26:20
•13. Last Night I Had the Strangest Dream - 28:48
•14. Study War No More - 31:19
•15. Bourgeois Blues - 34:31
•16. River of My People - 36:40
•17. Hold on (Hand on the Plow) - 39:46
•18. We Shall Overcome - 43:06
•19. He Lies in the American Land - 47:50
•20. Well May the World Go - 49:52
•21. Turn, Turn, Turn - 52:32
•22. Tomorrow Is a Highway - 55:18
•23. Oh, Had I a Golden Thread - 58:51
•24. We'll be A-Doubling - 62:20
•25. Arrange and Rearrange - 64:20
•26. If I Had a Hammer - 69:12

If I Had a Hammer (introduction)

If I had a hammer, I'd hammer in the morning
I'd hammer in the evening, all over this land
I'd hammer out danger, I'd hammer out a warning
I'd hammer out love between my brothers and my sisters all over this land

If I had a bell, I'd ring it in the morning
I'd ring it in the evening, all over this land
I'd ring it in danger, I'd ring out a warning
I'd ring in love between my brothers and my sisters all over this land

If I had a song, I'd sing it in the morning
I'd sing it in the evening, all over this land
I'd sing it in danger, I'd sing out a warning
I'd sing in love between my brothers and my sisters all over this land

Well I got a hammer and I got a bell
And I got a song to sing all over this land
It's the hammer of justice, it's the bell of freedom
It's the song about love between my brothers and my sisters all over this land

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Banks are made of marble

I've traveled round this country
From shore to shining shore.
It really made me wonder
The things I heard and saw.

I saw the weary farmer,
Plowing sod and loam;
I heard the auction hammer
A knocking down his home.

CHORUS:
But the banks are made of marble,
With a guard at every door,
And the vaults are stuffed with silver,
That the farmer sweated for.

I saw the seaman standing
Idly by the shore.
I heard the bosses saying,
Got no work for you no more.

But the banks are made of marble,
With a guard at every door,
And the vaults are stuffed with silver,
That the seaman sweated for.

I saw the weary miner,
Scrubbing coal dust from his back,
I heard his children cryin',
Got no coal to heat the shack.

But the banks are made of marble,
With a guard at every door,
And the vaults are stuffed with silver,
That the miner sweated for.

I've seen my brothers working
Throughout this mighty land;
I prayed we'd get together,
And together make a stand.

FINAL CHORUS:
Then we'd own those banks of marble,
With a guard at every door;
And we'd share those vaults of silver,
That we have sweated for.

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Which Side Are You On

Come all of you good workers,
Good news to you I'll tell
Of how the good old union
Has come in here to dwell.

[Chorus:]
Which side are you on?
Which side are you on?
Which side are you on?
Which side are you on?

My daddy was a miner
And I'm a miner's son,
And I'll stick with the union
'Til every battle's won.

[Chorus]

They say in Harlan County
There are no neutrals there;
You'll either be a union man,
Or a thug for J. H. Blair.

[Chorus]

Oh workers can you stand it?
Oh tell me how you can.
Will you be a lousy scab
Or will you be a man?

[Chorus]

Don't scab for the bosses,
Don't listen to their lies.
Us poor folks haven't got a chance
Unless we organize.

[Chorus]

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Casey Jones (The Union Scab)

Come all you rounders if you wanna hear
The story of a brave engineer
Casey Jones was the rounder's name
On the big six-wheeler boys he made his fame

Well the caller called Casey 'bout half past four
He kissed his wife at the station door
He stepped into the cabin with the orders in his hand
Said I'm gonna take my trip to the Promised Land

Casey Jones, stepped into the cabin
Casey Jones, orders in his hand
Casey Jones, stepped into the cabin
Said I'm gonna take my trip to the Promised Land

He looked at the water and the water was low
He looked at his watch, the watch was slow
He looked at the fireman, the fireman said
Boy we're gonna reach 'Frisco but we'll all be dead

Casey pulled up that Reno hill
He flew at the crossing with an awful shrill
The switchman knew, by the engine's moan
That the man at the throttle was Casey Jones

Casey got to that certain place
Ol' number nine stared him straight in the face
He said to the fireman, boy you better jump
Cos they're two locomotives and they're bound to bump

Casey Jones, two locomotives
Casey Jones, and they're bound to bump
Casey Jones, two locomotives
Two locomotives and they're bound to bump

Well Mrs. Casey Jones she sat there on the bed
She got the telegram that her poor husband was dead
She said go to bed children and hush your cryin'
You got another papa on the Salt Lake line

Casey Jones, got another papa
Casey Jones, on the Salt Lake line
Casey Jones, got another papa
Ya got another papa on the Salt Lake line

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Talking Union

Now, if you want higher wages let me tell you what to do
You got to talk to the workers in the shop with you
You got to build you a union, got to make it strong
But if you all stick together, boys, it won't be long
You get shorter hours, better working conditions
Vacations with pay. Take your kids to the seashore

It ain't quite this simple, so I better explain
Just why you got to ride on the union train
'Cause if you wait for the boss to raise your pay
We'll all be a-waitin' 'til Judgment Day
We'll all be buried, gone to heaven
St. Peter'll be the straw boss then

Now you know you're underpaid but the boss says you ain't
He speeds up the work 'til you're 'bout to faint
You may be down and out, but you ain't beaten
You can pass out a leaflet and call a meetin'
Talk it over, speak your mind
Decide to do somethin' about it

Course, the boss may persuade some poor damn fool
To go to your meetin' and act like a stool
But you can always tell a stool, though, that's a fact
He's got a yaller streak a-runnin' down his back
He doesn't have to stool, he'll always get along
On what he takes out of blind men's cups

You got a union now, and you're sittin' pretty
Put some of the boys on the steering committee
The boss won't listen when one guy squawks
But he's got to listen when the union talks
He'd better, be mighty lonely
Everybody decide to walk out on him

Suppose they're working you so hard it's just outrageous
And they're paying you all starvation wages
You go to the boss and the boss would yell
"Before I raise your pay I'd see you all in hell."
Well, he's puffing a big cigar, feeling mighty slick
'Cause he thinks he's got your union licked
Well, he looks out the window and what does he see
But a thousand pickets, and they all agree
He's a bastard, unfair, slavedriver
Bet he beats his wife

Now, boys, you've come to the hardest time
The boss will try to bust your picket line
He'll call out the police, the National Guard
They'll tell you it's a crime to have a union card
They'll raid your meetin', they'll hit you on the head
They'll call every one of you a goddam red
Unpatriotic, Japanese spies, sabotaging national defense

But out at Ford, here's what they found
And out at Vultee, here's what they found
And out at Allis-Chalmers, here's what they found
And down at Bethlehem, here's what they found
That if you don't let red-baiting break you up
And if you don't let stoolpigeons break you up
And if you don't let vigilantes break you up
And if you don't let race hatred break you up
You'll win. What I mean, take it easy, but take it

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Joe Hill

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night
Alive as you or me.
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead."
"I never died," says he,
"I never died," says he

"In Salt Lake, Joe," says I to him,
Him standing by my bed.
"They framed you on a murder charge."
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead,
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead."

"The copper bosses killed you, Joe,
They shot you, Joe," says I.
"Takes more than guns to kill a man."
Says Joe, "I didn't die,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die."

And standing there as big as life,
And smiling with his eyes,
Joe says, "What they forgot to kill
Went on to organize,
Went on to organize."

"Joe Hill ain't dead," he says to me,
"Joe Hill ain't never died.
Where working men are out on strike,
Joe Hill is at their side,
Joe Hill is at their side."

"From San Diego up to Maine
In every mine and mill,
Where workers strike and organize,"
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill."
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill."

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night
Alive as you or me.
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead."
"I never died," says he,
"I never died," says he.

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Union Maid

There once was a union maid, she never was afraid
Of goons and ginks and company finks and the deputy sheriffs who made the raid.
She went to the union hall when a meeting it was called,
And when the Legion boys come 'round
She always stood her ground.

CHORUS:
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union, I'm sticking to the union.
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union 'til the day I die.
This union maid was wise to the tricks of company spies,
She couldn't be fooled by a company stool, she'd always organize the guys.
She always got her way when she struck for better pay.
She'd show her card to the National Guard
And this is what she'd say:

CHORUS

You gals who want to be free, just take a tip from me;
Get you a man who's a union man and join the ladies' auxiliary.
Married life ain't hard when you got a union card,
A union man has a happy life when he's got a union wife.

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